29.5 KiB








Music is one of the oldest and the richest forms of art invented by man involving sound as the medium. Music is purely controlled by sound sonics, pitch, and rhythm. The purpose may vary from aesthetic pleasure, religious, or ceremonial purpose, or as an entertainment product. Music is an important part of our lives since ancient civilization. Indian classical music is one of the oldest traditions in the world. Various types of stringed instruments and drums recovered from Harrappa and MohenjoDaro excavation. Although music has no bar on language, it has certainly evolved differently in different cultures providing specific values to the social and geographical aspects of the creator. In India, the earliest tradition of music can be traced back from the scripts of Vedas. The “samaveda”, describes music at length. From – Music the food of Life

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified according to the Hornbostel–Sachs system into four categories: chordophones (string instruments), aerophones (wind instruments), membranophones (drums) and idiophones (non-drum percussion instruments).-Wikipedia

You can learn to play the Tabla, Dholak, Harmonium & string instruments at these music classes.

The following is from sourced from and is shown here for reference only. Arya Pratinidhi Sabha of Queensland is not affiliated with Indian Musical Instruments.


Harmonium belongs to the family of free-reed aerophones. It is a small, tabletop size, organ with bellows at the back that is pumped by one hand while the other hand plays the keyboard. A standard Harmonium has a wooden box known as body, handles to move the instrument, bellows, keys, stops (main and drone), reeds, reed board, coupler and scale changer. Today it is widely used in all forms of Indian music be it classical, Hindustani, devotional or film music.


Tabla Pair’s

Tabla is basically a set of two drums known as Dayan (right) or the Tabla and the Bayan (left) or the Duggi. Dayan or tabla is a cylindrical, wooden drum made of black wood and played with the right hand and Bayan or duggi- the left hand drum is made of metal, wood, or ceramic has slightly conical and bowl shape. There is a black spot on both the drums near the centre of the head. Known as siyahi, this black raised area is usually made of rice, glue, graphite, and iron fillings. The siyahi is essential to the sound of the tabla.  The sound is generated by beating the upper most surface of drums with hands.



Dholak also known as dholki is a barrel shaped hand drum that is widely used in folk and popular music in India.  It is a double-headed drum (hollow inside) with the bass head on one side and the treble head on the other. The larger side provides the bass and the smaller side the tenor.We are providing you both the Traditional Dholak with simple thread lacing that is tuned with the help of metal rings around the head and the Modern dholak with metal turnbuckles that are easily adjusted for desired tone.



Sarod The modern sarod is made of wood with one end being rounded and covered with parchment. Its overall shape is like a pendulum- pointed and thin on top, at the peg box, and full and round at the bottom, the resonator. The body or shell of the sarod is carved from a single block of wood, preferably teak, but tun and sagwan are also used. It has three parts; peg box, fingerboard and resonator. This fretless instrument played with a triangular plectrum cut out of coconut shell and laminated with shellac.



Sitar is one of the most popular classical instruments comes under the category of a chordophone in the lute family. Sitar has neck crafted from toon or teakwood and a resonator carved from a large seasoned gourd. The modern sitar has seven strings and sixteen to twenty –two frets that are adjusted to alter the pitch. A normal Sitar usually has Kunti, Drone Strings, Tumba, Tar, Dandi, Parda, Gulu, Tuning beads, Kaddu. It is played with a wire plectrum, known as mizrab, that is usually worn on the index finger of the right hand.



Tanpura or Tambura, a long-necked drone lute is a chordophones from the lute family of instruments. It is a four or six stringed fretless instrument with a long hollow neck and rounded body. In Hindustani classical music tanpura come in different sizes, the bigger one is known as “males” and smaller one as “females”. There are three main styles of designing a Tanpura: Miraj Style, Tanjore Style and Tamburi. It is played with fingers by plunking the strings in successive manner.



The Indian Bamboo Flute also known as bansuri or murali is one of the oldest musical instruments of India, developed independently of the Western flute. This wind instrument is a simple cylindrical tube made of bamboo of uniform bore with number of holes. The flutes made in India are of different kinds and their lengths and number of holes varies. The flute is handled in oblique position and air is blown with upper lip into the main hole. Thumbs are used to hold the flute in position while the fingers are used to manipulate the finger holes. Different octaves are produced by covering the holes with the fingers.



Khartal or Kartal is an ancient instrument mainly used in devotional songs in India. It falls under the class of idiophones of self-sounding instruments that combine properties of vibrator and resonator. Kartal comprises two similar shaped wooden pieces that are approximately eight to twelve inches long and two to three inches wide. Small metal jingles or pieces are mounted to the wooden frames that produce rhythmic sound when struck together.